Which reformer published his translation of Scripture in the vernacular so that everyone could have an individual relationship with God?


The church put Luther on trial and excommunicated him in 1521. He went into hiding for a number of years, and translated the Bible from Latin into German. Luther’s printed vernacular Bible enabled anyone who could read German to study the scriptures at home.

Who translated the Bible to vernacular?

Wycliffe: the Layman’s Man in England

58) He organized a committee of his students at Oxford to translate the Bible into the English vernacular, and the result was the first complete English Bible translation.

Who was the first person to translate the Bible into the vernacular?

The earliest translation into a vernacular European language other than Latin or Greek was the Gothic Bible, by Ulfilas, an Arian who translated from the Greek in the 4th century in Italy.

What was William Tyndale known for?

1494 – c. 6 October 1536) was an English biblical scholar and linguist who became a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation in the years leading up to his execution. He is well known as a translator of the Bible into English, and was influenced by the works of prominent Protestant Reformers such as Martin Luther.

Who was the early English religious reformer who emphasized a vernacular translation of the Bible?

John Wycliffe (/ˈwɪklɪf/; also spelled Wyclif, Wickliffe, and other variants; c. 1328 – 31 December 1384) was an English scholastic philosopher, theologian, biblical translator, reformer, Catholic priest, and a seminary professor at the University of Oxford.

Who translated the Bible for common people?

William Tyndale, (born c. 1490–94, near Gloucestershire, England—died October 6, 1536, Vilvoorde, near Brussels, Brabant), English biblical translator, humanist, and Protestant martyr.

Did Martin Luther translate the Bible?

Luther’s German translation of the New Testament appeared in 1522. He then translated the whole of the Bible into German with the first edition being published in Wittenberg in 1534.

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What is vernacular Bible?

The technology of printing fused with the reformers’ emphasis on the authority of scripture to make the Bible available and legible to audiences of unprecedented size. The Bible had been translated into most western European languages long before 1517; John Wyclif had published his translation in 1383.

Who helped Luther translate the Bible?

Luther’s New Testament translation

Luther was assisted by Melanchton in translating from the Greek text, using Erasmus’ second edition (1519) of the Greek New Testament, known as the Textus Receptus. Luther also published the Bible in the small octavo format.

What did Martin Luther write?

Acting on this belief, he wrote the “Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences,” also known as “The 95 Theses,” a list of questions and propositions for debate. Popular legend has it that on October 31, 1517 Luther defiantly nailed a copy of his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Castle church.

What did Martin Luther do?

Martin Luther (1483—1546) German theologian, professor, pastor, and church reformer. Luther began the Protestant Reformation with the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses on October 31, 1517. In this publication, he attacked the Church’s sale of indulgences.

Who translated the Catholic Bible into English?

The first person to translate the entire Bible into English and circulate it was the 14th century Oxford scholar, John Wycliffe. In response to his translating, both Pope Gregory XI and Pope Urban VI condemned him for errors and heresies.

What did Desiderius Erasmus believe about the Bible?

Throughout his life, Erasmus forged his own approach to Christianity: knowing Christ by reading the Bible. He called his approach the “Philosophia Christi,” or the philosophy of Christ. He thought that learning about Jesus’ life and teachings would strengthen people’s Christian faith and teach them how to be good.

Who published the first Bible in English?

Intro. William Tyndale’s Bible was the first English language Bible to appear in print.

Who made the Bible available to the public?

Around 1440–1450 Johannes Gutenberg invented a printing press with movable type, with which he produced the Gutenberg Bible. His invention quickly spread throughout Europe. In 1466 the Mentelin Bible was the first vernacular language Bible to be printed.

Who translated the Bible into Greek?

In 1901, Alexandros Pallis translated the Gospels into Modern Greek.

Why is Peter Waldo important?

Waldo, Peter (1140–1218) French religious reformer after whom the Waldenses are named. He sent out disciples, known as Poor Men, to read to the common people from the Bible. He preached without ecclesiastical authorization and was excommunicated.

What did John Wycliffe translate?

Wycliffe translated the Bible into English, as he believed that everyone should be able to understand it directly. Wycliffe inspired the first complete English translation of the Bible, and the Lollards, who took his views in extreme forms, added to the Wycliffe Bible commentaries such as this one in Middle English.

What is an example of vernacular?

Vernacular is common language spoken by average citizens of a particular place, or is language used within a particular field or industry. An example of vernacular is English in the US. An example of vernacular is medical terms used by doctors. A variety of such everyday language specific to a social group or region.

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What languages did the reformers translated the Bible into?

Early translators rendered Biblical texts into (for example) Syriac, Latin, Geez, Gothic and Slavonic languages. Jerome’s 4th-century Latin Vulgate version became dominant in Western Christianity through the Middle Ages.

Who was responsible for the important translation of the Bible into German in 1521?

Luther chose to tackle the New Testament first as it was the less difficult task. He was not the first to translate the Bible into German: 18 translations had appeared in print between 1466 and the early 1520s.

When was the Bible first translated into English?

The first printed English translation of the whole Bible was produced by Miles Coverdale in 1535, using Tyndale’s work together with his own translations from the Latin Vulgate or German text. After much scholarly debate it is concluded that this was printed in Antwerp and the colophon gives the date as 4 October 1535.

What was John Knox known for?

John Knox, (born c. 1514, near Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland—died November 24, 1572, Edinburgh), foremost leader of the Scottish Reformation, who set the austere moral tone of the Church of Scotland and shaped the democratic form of government it adopted.

What did John Calvin believe?

Calvin believed that Man was sinful and could only approach God through faith in Christ – not through Mass and pilgrimages. Calvin believed that the New Testament and baptism and the Eucharist had been created to provide Man with continual divine guidance when seeking faith.

What did Martin Luther publish?

Martin Luther posts 95 theses

On October 31, 1517, legend has it that the priest and scholar Martin Luther approaches the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, and nails a piece of paper to it containing the 95 revolutionary opinions that would begin the Protestant Reformation.

What did Martin Luther believe?

Luther’s belief in justification by faith led him to question the Catholic Church’s practices of self-indulgence. He objected not only to the church’s greed but to the very idea of indulgences. He did not believe the Catholic Church had the power to pardon people sins.

What were Martin Luther’s views about the Bible?

Luther and other Reformers reasserted the authority of the Scripture alone, as opposed to tradition and church hierarchy. They maintained that salvation comes by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone, to the glory of God alone.

Who was Martin Luther in the Reformation?

Martin Luther (1483-1546) was an Augustinian monk and university lecturer in Wittenberg when he composed his “95 Theses,” which protested the pope’s sale of reprieves from penance, or indulgences.

Why did Erasmus translate the Bible?

Erasmus decided in 1515 to offer a new edition of the New Testament to the Christian Europe of his time. Deeply inspired by this text, and seeking to bring about the rebirth of apostolic times, those blessed times of Christianity, he wanted to correct the Vulgate more so than offer a new translation of the work.

What did Erasmus contribute to the Renaissance?

He was one of the greatest scholars of the renaissance time. Erasmus contributed to the Renaissance by revising ancient works and translating them into Greek and Latin such as the Bible. Erasmus also contributed to the Reformation by calling for reform in the Church through his various satirical works.

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Who translated the Bible?

The Tyndale Bible generally refers to the body of biblical translations by William Tyndale into Early Modern English, made c. 1522–1536.

When did William Tyndale translated the Bible?

William Tyndale paid for his work with his life. He went into hiding but was eventually arrested in Antwerp in 1535. At that time, he had produced a revised edition of the New Testament, published in 1534, a translation of the Pentateuch, published in 1530, and had begun his translation of the Old Testament.

What did Erasmus write about?

In the early 1500s, Erasmus was persuaded to teach at Cambridge and lecture in theology. It was during this time that he wrote The Praise of Folly, a satirical examination of society in general and the various abuses of the Church.

How did Martin Luther start the Protestant Reformation?

October 31 was the 500-year anniversary of the day Martin Luther allegedly nailed his 95 theses — objections to various practices of the Catholic Church — to the door of a German church. This event is widely considered the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.

What was John Wycliffe known for?

John Wycliffe is widely considered one of the medieval forerunners of the Protestant Reformation. His criticism of the practices and beliefs of the church foreshadowed those of later reformers. Wycliffe also directed a translation of the Bible into English.

Who put together the first Bible?

Traditionally these books were considered to have been dictated to Moses by God himself. Since the 17th century, scholars have viewed the original sources as being the product of multiple anonymous authors while also allowing the possibility that Moses first assembled the separate sources.

Who translated the New Testament into English?

William Tyndale, (born c. 1490–94, near Gloucestershire, England—died October 6, 1536, Vilvoorde, near Brussels, Brabant), English biblical translator, humanist, and Protestant martyr.

Who translated the Bible into the native Indian language?

Eliot Indian Bible

Algonquian Indian Bible title page 1663
Translator John Eliot
Country Colonial America
Language Massachusett language
Subject Bible

Who tried to destroy the Bible?

In A.D. 301-304, the Roman Emperor Diocletian burned thousands of copies of the Bible, commanded that all Bibles be destroyed and decreed that any home with a Bible in it should be burned. In fact, he even built a monument over what he thought was the last surviving Bible.

Who created the Bible?

Even after nearly 2,000 years of its existence, and centuries of investigation by biblical scholars, we still don’t know with certainty who wrote its various texts, when they were written or under what circumstances. READ MORE: The Bible Says Jesus Was Real.

Who is the first translator of Bible?

The first complete English-language version of the Bible dates from 1382 and was credited to John Wycliffe and his followers.

Who was the first to translate the Bible from Latin into English for the benefit of common people?

1330–1384), master of Balliol College at Oxford. Wyclif, known as the “flower of Oxford scholarship” ventured the first translation of the Bible into English. Poor sap — to be so virtuous and courageous! Wyclif actually knew no Hebrew or Greek, so relied on Saint Jerome’s Latin Vulgate to make his way.

Who wrote the Greek Scriptures?

A.D. 100; better known as Flavius Josephus) wrote in Greek. It explains why, in third-century B.C. Egypt, the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament was translated into Greek as the famous “Septuagint.”

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